Carnage and Connectivity: Landmarks in the Decline of Conventional Military Power by Dr. David Betz is well worth the read. This book provides a much needed grounding in terms of understanding current conflict, showing that while there have been changes brought by the internet, that doesn’t necessarily mean that those changes are revolutionary in a military context. Of the many reasons Betz’s book is worth the read, is that it delves beyond some concepts of conflict into the links between war and society itself.

Through the ‘mediatisation’ of conflict, Betz explains, that conflict has developed a “‘virtual dimension’…in parallel or intertwined with the physical dimension.” This virtual dimension isn’t entirely new either, though, but could be viewed as the ‘moral’ aspect of war as outlined by the military theorist, Carl von Clausewitz.


Unlike many books on the subject, Betz moves beyond focusing on just the technology, to consider the more virtual effects of information in shaping perspectives. As such, Betz, explores many of the underlying and universal problems driving people to extreme situations, existing before the advent of the internet. As Betz rightly asks, how those issues are addressed is the real question going forward.

Clausewitz is central to Betz’s thesis in Carnage and Connectivity, and in particular he picks up on the issue of “passion” in conflict, raising an important challenge in modern warfare at least in Western countries – if most conflicts are perceived to be ones of choice, for what are we fighting? How will this shift in perception affect morale?

Betz has a nice writing style, which is much wittier than most academics can boast. Carnage and Connectivity is also chockablock with source material. It’s clear Betz knows not just the nature of information warfare, but also the history of conflict in general and a great deal more. Beyond military thought, Betz introduces the likes of behavioural economist, Dan Ariely, the propaganda theorists one would expect to see in this sort of work, all with a sprinkling of “po-mo” or post-modernism.  What I particularly enjoyed in Betz’s work is the breadth and diversity of thought he brings together in offering an understanding of the role of connectivity in modern warfare.

For anyone tackling the issues of propaganda, information operations, or even diplomacy this is a must-read book. Carnage and Connectivity should also be mandatory reading in military and government – full stop.

On a lighter note, it’s hard not to like a work that starts not one, but two chapters off with quotes from Lewis Carroll – but that could just be my bias.

Carnage and Connectivity is available on Amazon.

About Author

La Generalista is the online identity of Alicia Wanless – a researcher and practitioner of strategic communications for social change in a Digital Age. Alicia is the director of the Partnership for Countering Influence Operations at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. With a growing international multi-stakeholder community, the Partnership aims to foster evidence-based policymaking to counter threats within the information environment. Wanless is currently a PhD Researcher at King’s College London exploring how the information environment can be studied in similar ways to the physical environment. She is also a pre-doctoral fellow at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Cooperation, and was a tech advisor to Aspen Institute’s Commission on Information Disorder. Her work has been featured in Lawfare, The National Interest, Foreign Policy, and CBC.

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